Two-step phase separation of a polymer mixture. I. New scaling analysis for the main scattering peak

Takeji Hashimoto, Masaki Hayashi, Hiroshi Jinnai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Time-resolved light scattering experiments have been performed on the two-step phase separation process for a binary mixture of deuterated polybutadiene and protonated polyisoprene with the critical composition. The first-step phase separation was induced by quenching the system from a temperature T0 in a single-phase state to T1. At various times in the late stage spinodal decomposition (SD) at T1, the mixture was further subjected to the second-step phase separation by temperature jump (T-jump) from T1 to T2 in such a way that the driving force for the phase separation increases and hence phase separation process is accelerated. The comparison between the single-step phase separation behavior from T0 to T1, or to T2 and the two-step phase separation behavior was made in terms of the time evolution of the main scattering peak arising from a dominant mode of the composition fluctuations developed in the phase separation process. To do so, we proposed and applied a new scaling method for the scattering peak position, qm,1 and intensity, Im,1, to explore the time evolution of the fluctuations for the two-step phase separation process. The new scaling method, which takes into account an abrupt change in the spatio-temporal scale of phase-separating system involved by the second-step T-jump clearly elucidates a nonlinear pathway according to which the initial structures developed in the first-step process is relaxed and transformed toward an equilibrium structure at T2 after the second-step process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6886-6896
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume112
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Apr 15
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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