Two-staged resection of a left frontal astrocytoma involving the operculum and insula using intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring - Case report

Toshihiro Kumabe, Nobukazu Nakasato, Kyoko Suzuki, Kiyotaka Sato, Yukihiko Sonoda, Jun Kawagishi, Takashi Yoshimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 29-year-old right-handed male with a 12-year education presented with a 2-month history of generalized epileptic activity. Neuroradiological imaging demonstrated a large lesion in the left frontal lobe involving the insulooperculum and in the temporal tip. Neurological and neuropsychological examination revealed no abnormality. Two-staged total resection of a left frontal large astrocytoma involving the insulooperculum was achieved, with preservation of the speech and motor functions. The prefrontal area was resected en bloc under general anesthesia. To avoid vascular damage including the lenticulostriate arteries, the sylvian and the interhemispheric fissures were thoroughly opened. The tumor was apparently located in the anatomical Broca's area. Eighteen days later, the residual tumor was totally resected with no language deficit after identifying the motor-speech cortex, which was displaced from the usual location, by direct cortical stimulation under local anesthesia. The medially extended insular tumor was then resected stepwise with frequent neurological monitoring with the patient awake. Surgery for intraaxial insuloopercular lesions in the dominant hemisphere carries a high risk of speech and motor deficit. This staged operation enables maximum tumor resection of dominant-side large frontal gliomas involving the insuloopercular region, with preservation of both motor and speech functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-507
Number of pages5
JournalNeurologia medico-chirurgica
Volume38
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Aug

Keywords

  • Awake craniotomy
  • Brain mapping
  • Glioma
  • Insulooperculum
  • Staged operation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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