Two forms of omega-hydroxylase toward prostaglandin A and laurate. cDNA cloning and their expression.

N. Yokotani, R. Bernhardt, K. Sogawa, E. Kusunose, O. Gotoh, M. Kusunose, Y. Fujii-Kuriyama

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    52 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have isolated cDNA clones for two forms of P-450s, P-450ka-1 and P-450ka-2, from a rabbit kidney cDNA library, using the cDNA for rabbit pulmonary cytochrome P-450p-2, a prostaglandin omega-hydroxylase (Matsubara, S., Yamamoto, S., Sogawa, K., Yokotani, N., Fujii-Kuriyama, Y., Haniu, M., Shively, J.E., Gotoh, O., Kusunose, E., and Kusunose, M. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 13366-13371), as a hybridization probe. The cDNAs for P-450ka-1 and P-450ka-2 encode polypeptides of 510 and 511 amino acids, respectively, with sequence similarity of 85% and 87% to P-450p-2. The two deduced primary structures have 87% identity. RNA blot analysis demonstrated that the mRNAs for P-450ka-1 and P-450ka-2 formed single bands at approximately 3.0- and 2.6-kilobase positions, respectively. The mRNA for P-450ka-1 was expressed only in the liver and kidney and was increased remarkably in these tissues by the administration of clofibrate. In contrast, the mRNA for P-450ka-2 was expressed constitutively in the liver, kidney, and small intestine, but its transcription was enhanced only in the liver by clofibrate treatment. Thus, in spite of their high sequence similarity, these P-450 species have different modes of regulatory expression. Comparison of the nucleotide sequences among P-450ka-1, P-450ka-2, and P-450p-2 shows about 90% overall sequence similarity in any pair of the three sequences. Nucleotide replacements are not evenly distributed, but are rather biased. There is a region of approximately 500 base pairs of exceptionally high homology among the three sequences. These results indicate that the gene conversion event occurred during the evolutionary process of these genes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)21665-21669
    Number of pages5
    JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
    Volume264
    Issue number36
    Publication statusPublished - 1989 Dec 25

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology

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