Two distinct soil disinfestations differently modify the bacterial communities in a tomato field

Masaru Nakayasu, Kyoko Ikeda, Shinichi Yamazaki, Yuichi Aoki, Kazufumi Yazaki, Haruhiko Washida, Akifumi Sugiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reductive soil disinfestation (RSD) and soil solarization (SS) were evaluated based on environmental factors, microbiome, and suppression of Fusarium oxysporum in a tomato field soil. Soil environmental factors (moisture content, electric conductivity, pH, and redox potential (RP)) were measured during soil disinfestations. All factors were more strongly influenced by RSD than SS. 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing of RSD-and SS-treated soils was performed. The bacterial communities were taxonomically and functionally distinct depending on treatment methods and periods and significantly correlated with pH and RP. Fifty-four pathways predicted by PICRUSt2 (third level in MetaCyc hierarchy) were significantly different between RSD and SS. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that both treatments equally suppressed F. oxysporum. The growth and yield of tomato cultivated after treatments were similar between RSD and SS. RSD and SS shaped different soil bacterial communities, although the effects on pathogen suppression and tomato plant growth were comparable between treatments. The existence of pathogen-suppressive microbes, other than Clostridia previously reported to have an effect, was suggested. Comparison between RSD and SS provides new aspects of unknown disinfestation patterns and the usefulness of SS as an alternative to RSD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1375
JournalAgronomy
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul

Keywords

  • Bacterial communities
  • Fusarium oxysporum
  • Reductive soil infestation
  • Soil solariza-tion
  • Tomato

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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