A high-density, large-area, and uniform two-dimensional (2D) Si-nanodisk array was successfully fabricated using the bio-nano-process, advanced etching techniques, including a treatment using nitrogen trifluoride and hydrogen radical (NF3 treatment) and a damage-free chlorine neutral beam (NB). By using the surface oxide formed by neutral beam oxidation (NBO) for the preparation of a 2D nanometersized iron core array as an etching mask, a well-ordered 2D Si-nanodisk array was obtained owing to the dangling bonds of the surface oxide. By changing the NF3 treatment time without changing the quantum effect of each nanodisk, we could control the gap between adjacent nanodisks. A device with two electrodes was fabricated to investigate the electron transport in a 2D Si-nanodisk array. Current fluctuation and time-dependent currents were clearly observed owing to the charging-discharging of the nanodisks adjacent to the current percolation path. The new structure may have great potential for future novel quantum effect devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)