Two-dimensional MoS2 electromechanical actuators

Nguyen T. Hung, Ahmad R.T. Nugraha, Riichiro Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the electromechanical properties of two-dimensional MoS2 monolayers with 1H, 1T, and 1T′ structures as a function of charge doping by using density functional theory. We find isotropic elastic moduli in the 1H and 1T structures, while the 1T′ structure exhibits an anisotropic elastic modulus. Moreover, the 1T structure is shown to have a negative Poisson's ratio, while Poisson's ratios of the 1H and 1T′ are positive. By charge doping, the monolayer MoS2 shows a reversible strain and work density per cycle ranging from -0.68% to 2.67% and from 4.4 to 36.9 MJ m-3, respectively, making them suitable for applications in electromechanical actuators. We also examine the stress generated in the MoS2 monolayers and we find that 1T and 1T′ MoS2 monolayers have relatively better performance than 1H MoS2 monolayer. We argue that such excellent electromechanical performance originate from the electrical conductivity of the metallic 1T and semimetallic 1T′ structures and also from their high Young's modulus of about 150-200 GPa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number075306
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume51
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 30

Keywords

  • Electromechanical actuators
  • density functional theory
  • negative Poisson's ratio
  • two-dimensional MoS2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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