Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans is considered to be an aetiological agent in various forms of periodontitis, with serotype b-specific carbohydrate being the immunodominant antigen of A. actinomycetemcomitans Y4 in high-responder patients. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of the organism may also be an important antigen. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the importance of LPS as an antigen of A. actinomycetemcomitans. Twenty patients who had high antibody titres to strain Y4 were selected, and the reactivity of their sera with LPS was determined by ELISA and Western blotting. Two groups of patients were observed: group 1 had high IgG titres only to serotype b strain, whereas group 2 had high IgG titres to serotypes a, b and c strains. The results of adsorption tests showed that anti-A. actinomycetemcomitans Y4 antibody in group 1 patients mostly consisted of antibody reactive with the serotype b-specific carbohydrate, whereas the antibody in group 2 patients mostly consisted of antibody reactive with the LPS of all serotypes. These data show that anti-LPS antibody is present and predominant in anti-A. actinomycetemcomitans Y4 antibody from some high- responder patients, and indicate an important role for LPS as an antigen in the humoral immune response to the organism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)