The electronic states of potassium- (K-) intercalated zigzag-type polycyclic aromatic (PLA) hydrocarbon [polyacene PLAs] Kx(PLAs) are studied for a series of the four smallest molecules: naphthalene (NN), anthracene (AN), tetracene (TN), and pentacene (PN), focusing on their 1:1 stoichiometric phases. Clear experimental differences are identified between the first group [K1(NN) and K1(AN)] and the second group [K1(TN) and K1(PN)] by magnetic, vibrational, and optical measurements. The first group is categorized as a Mott insulator with an antiferromagnetic ground state with energy of ∼10 meV, whereas the second group is classified as a band insulator via dimer formation due to the spin Peierls instability. In the latter system, the first thermally accessible triplet states are located far apart from the singlet ground states and are not detected by electron spin-resonance spectroscopy until 300 K being very different from what is observed for the hole-doped PN reported earlier. The results give a new systematic understanding on the electronic states of electron-doped PLAs sensitive to the energetic balance among on-site Coulomb repulsion, bandwidth, and the Peierls instability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics