Two Cases of Locally Recurrent Rectal Cancer Successfully Treated by Carbon Ion Radiotherapy

Keigo Kanehara, Shinobu Ohnuma, Hideyuki Suzuki, Akihiro Yamamura, Hideaki Karasawa, Atsushi Kohyama, Takeshi Aoki, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Naoki Tanaka, Hiroaki Musha, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Takashi Kamei, Takeshi Naitoh, Michiaki Unno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Case 1: A female patient in her 60s underwent laparoscopic intersphincteric resection for rectal cancer. After 42 months, the serum level of carcinoembryonic antigen(CEA)was elevated, and PET-CT showed a locally recurrent rectal cancer that increased FDG-uptake. Carbon ion radiotherapy(CIRT)(73.6 GyE/16 Fr)was performed. Serum CEA level and FDG-uptake were normalized. No regrowth of tumor has been found for 12 months. Case 2: A female patient in her 60s underwent abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer. After 42 months, the serum level of CEA was elevated, and CT revealed a local recurrence of rectal cancer. Subsequently, the tumor was resected; however, resection margin was microscopically positive. Therefore, chemoradiotherapy(S-1, 60 Gy)was performed. At 31 months after local resection, a re-recurrent tumor was noted in her left ischium. Therefore, CIRT(70.4 GyE/16 Fr)was performed. Serum CEA level and FDG-uptake were normalized. No regrowth of tumor has been found for 24 months. CIRT is an effective therapy for locally recurrent rectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1940-1942
Number of pages3
JournalGan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
Volume45
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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