Turbulent flame propagation limits of ammonia/methane/air premixed mixture in a constant volume vessel

Genya Hashimoto, Khalid Hadi, Yu Xia, Aainaa Hamid, Nozomu Hashimoto, Akihiro Hayakawa, Hideaki Kobayashi, Osamu Fujita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ammonia is one of promising energy carriers that can be directly used as carbon-neutral fuel for combustion applications. However, because of the low-burning velocity of ammonia, it is challenging to introduce ammonia to practical combustors those are designed for general hydrocarbon fuels. One of ways to enhance the combustibility of ammonia is by mixing it with other hydrocarbon fuels, such as methane, with a burning velocity is much higher than the burning velocity of ammonia. In this study, we conducted flame propagation experiments of ammonia/methane/air using a fan-stirred constant volume vessel to clarify the effect of methane addition to ammonia on the turbulent flame propagation limit. From experimental results, we constructed the flame propagation maps and clarified the flame propagation limits. The results show that the flame propagation limits were extended with an increase in mixing a fraction of methane to ammonia. Additionally, ammonia/methane/air mixtures with the equivalence ration of 0.9 can propagate at the highest turbulent intensity, even though the peak of the laminar burning velocity is the fuel-rich side because of the diffusional-thermal instability of the flame surface. Furthermore, the Markstein number of the mixture obtained in this research successfully expressed the strength of the diffusional-thermal instability effect on the flame propagation capability. The turbulence Karlovitz number at the flame propagation limit monotonically increases with the decreasing Markstein number.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • Ammonia
  • Lewis number
  • Markstein number
  • Methane
  • Turbulent flame propagation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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