Zigzag-edged graphene nanoribbons are antiferromagnetic in cross-edge coupling and unsuitable for spintronics applications. Two new strategies of tuning antiferromagnetism (AFM) to ferromagnetism (FM) in graphene nanoribbons are introduced through topological line defects composed of pentagonal and octagonal rings, and their ability to induce magnetic transition is probed by using density functional theory. The resulting exchange energy is found to be large enough for ferromagnetism to be observed at room temperature. Both strategies are experimentally feasible, and the results suggest that defect engineering may provide a novel path to manipulate the magnetic properties of graphene nanoribbons.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Apr 25|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics