Tunable spin-orbit interaction in trilayer graphene exemplified in electric-double-layer transistors

Zhuoyu Chen, Hongtao Yuan, Yanfeng Zhang, Kentaro Nomura, Teng Gao, Yabo Gao, Hidekazu Shimotani, Zhongfan Liu, Yoshihiro Iwasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Taking advantage of ultrahigh electric field generated in electric-double-layer transistors (EDLTs), we investigated spin-orbit interaction (SOI) and its modulation in epitaxial trilayer graphene. It was found in magnetotransport that the dephasing length L φ and spin relaxation length L so of carriers can be effectively modulated with gate bias. As a direct result, SOI-induced weak antilocalization (WAL), together with a crossover from WAL to weak localization (WL), was observed at near-zero magnetic field. Interestingly, among existing localization models, only the Iordanskii-Lyanda-Geller-Pikus theory can successfully reproduce the obtained magnetoconductance well, serving as evidence for gate tuning of the weak but distinct SOI in graphene. Realization of SOI and its large tunability in the trilayer graphene EDLTs provides us with a possibility to electrically manipulate spin precession in graphene systems without ferromagnetics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2212-2216
Number of pages5
JournalNano Letters
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May 9
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Spin-orbit interaction
  • liquid gating
  • magnetotransport
  • trilayer graphene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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