Tumor suppressor protein Lgl mediates G1 cell cycle arrest at high cell density by forming an Lgl-VprBP-DDB1 complex

Kazunari Yamashita, Mariko Ide, Kana T. Furukawa, Atsushi Suzuki, Hisashi Hirano, Shigeo Ohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lethal giant larvae (Lgl) is an evolutionarily conserved tumor suppressor whose loss of function causes disrupted epithelial architecture with enhanced cell proliferation and defects in cell polarity. A role for Lgl in the establishment and maintenance of cell polarity via suppression of the PAR-aPKC polarity complex is established; however, the mechanism by which Lgl regulates cell proliferation is not fully understood. Here we show that depletion of Lgl1 and Lgl2 in MDCK epithelial cells results in overproliferation and overproduction of Lgl2 causes G1 arrest. We also show that Lgl associates with the VprBP-DDB1 complex independently of the PAR-aPKC complex and prevents the VprBP-DDB1 subunits from binding to Cul4A, a central component of the CRL4 [VprBP] ubiquitin E3 ligase complex implicated in G1- to S-phase progression. Consistently, depletion of VprBP or Cul4 rescues the overproliferation of Lgl-depleted cells. In addition, the affinity between Lgl2 and the VprBP-DDB1 complex increases at high cell density. Further, aPKC-mediated phosphorylation of Lgl2 negatively regulates the interaction between Lgl2 and VprBP-DDB1 complex. These results suggest a mechanism protecting overproliferation of epithelial cells in which Lgl plays a critical role by inhibiting formation of the CRL4 [VprBP] complex, resulting in G1 arrest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2426-2438
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume26
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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