Tumor suppressor CADM1 is involved in epithelial cell structure

Mika Sakurai, Mari Masuda, Yumi Tsuboi, Akihiko Ito, Yoshinori Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tumor suppressor, CADM1, is involved in cell adhesion and preferentially inactivated in invasive cancer. We have previously reported that CADM1 associates with an actin-binding protein, 4.1B/DAL-1, and a scaffold protein, membrane protein palmitoylated 3 (MPP3)/DLG3. However, underlying mechanism of tumor suppression by CADM1 is not clarified yet. Here, we demonstrate that MPP1/p55 and MPP2/DLG2, as well as MPP3, interact with both CADM1 and 4.1B, forming a tripartite complex. We then examined cell biological roles of CADM1 and its complex in epithelia using HEK293 cells. Among MPP1-3, MPP2 is recruited to the CADM1-4.1B complex in the early process of adhesion in HEK293 cells. By suppression of CADM1 expression using siRNA, HEK293 lose epithelia-like structure and show flat morphology with immature cell adhesion. 4.1B and MPP2, as well as E-cadherin and ZO-1, are mislocalized from the membrane by depletion of CADM1 in HEK293. Mislocalization of MPP2 is also observed in several cancer cells lacking CADM1 expression with the transformed morphology. These findings suggest that CADM1 is involved in the formation of epithelia-like cell structure with 4.1B and MPP2, while loss of its function could cause morphological transformation of cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-982
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume390
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 18
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 4.1B
  • CADM1
  • Cell adhesion
  • Epithelial structure
  • MAGuK
  • MPP
  • Tumor suppressor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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