Tumor tissue is composed of cancer cells (parenchyma) and tumor vessels (interstitium). Many investigators have pointed out that blood flow in tumors has a very inhomogenous distribution, and that this inhomogeneity in blood flow increases as tumors grew. This would be a certain cause of insufficient drug delivery to tumor tissues. Among the experimental evidence using Yoshida Sarcoma and Ascites Hepatomas, functional differences in microcirculation between tumor and normal tissues were found by Suzuki et al. (1977). Under hypertensive state induced by the continuous infusion of angiotensin II, tumor blood flow increased remarkably, while there was no change or decrease in blood flow in normal tissues such as the brain, bone marrow, liver and kidney. Moreover, the increase in blood flow in tumors was selective, as the mean blood pressure remained at the level of 150 mmHg. Increases were confirmed not only in many growing sites such as in the liver, muscle, subcutis, and even microfoci, but also in various kinds of xenografted human tumors and autochthonous tumors. Augmentation of the anti-tumor effects of angiotensin II-induced hypertension chemotherapy (IHC) for advanced gastric carcinoma was revealed in two randomized controlled trials (RCT-1 & 2) of collaborative study groups in Japan. The response rates were 42.9% vs 10.5% in RCT-1 and 31.3% vs 6.7% in RCT-2. The frequencies of toxicities were not statistically different. In the results of phase II studies from 1978 to 1994 (OPN-1) and 1995 to 1999 (OPN-2) for advanced gastric carcinoma (GC), the response rates were 37.9% and 35.7%. Down staging in which the conclusive stage score was lower than the score of the clinical stage, was observed in 8 out of 94 cases (19%) with primary lesions in total and in 30 patients (63%) receiving reduction surgery after IHC, since 1978. It is very important for exact evaluation after chemotherapy to understand or estimate the pathohistological changes in the tumor and its degenerated or repaired tissues, which present various clinical images. In the present study, the actual administered dose intensity of adriamycin (aDIadm) was 5.9 +/- 2.4 mg/sqm/w, and the ratio of aDIadm to the proposed DIadm of reported FAM/FAP schedules was 0.78 +/- 0.32. IHC with smaller DI could lead to a reduction in the accumulation of toxicities of anti-cancer drugs in the host. In conclusion, IHC might be applied to all kinds of tumors to enhance the chemotherapeutic effects through selective increase of drug delivery to tumors.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Jul|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research