Truncation effects in an evacuated compound parabolic and involute concentrator with experimental and analytical investigations

Abid Ustaoglu, Junnosuke Okajima, Xin Rong Zhang, Shigenao Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


A two-stage line-axis solar concentrator composed of parabolic and involute reflectors with tubular absorber, have been designed and experimentally analyzed for thermal applications. The concentrator is covered by evacuated glass tube for low-heat loss configuration. Due to steep angle at the end of compound parabolic reflector, the concentrator tolerates to truncate a portion of the reflector with only slight reduction on the performance. Optimum truncation level is estimated by evaluating of ray acceptance, which is described as the ratio of aperture area of the concentrator to diameter of glass cover, concentration ratio, optical performance and thermal performance. The concentrator with truncation level of 50% shows preferable performance with only 1% reduction in thermal performance as well as significant reduction on material requirement. An experimental analysis was conducted for a 50% truncated concentrator to validate the ray tracing analysis and the thermal performance as a function of inlet temperature of water and the surface temperature of absorber. The experimental results show good agreement with the ray-tracing program written for theoretical evaluation. Consequently, the truncation of the concentrator provides requirement of less amount of optical component through significant reductions in size of reflector and glass cover with a small reduction in concentrator rate to achieve the economic viability and attraction for buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-445
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 25


  • Compound parabolic concentrator
  • Experimental analysis
  • Involute reflector
  • Ray tracing
  • Thermal performance
  • Truncation
  • Uniformity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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