Treebank annotation for formal semantics research

Alastair Butler, Ruriko Otomo, Zhen Zhou, Kei Yoshimoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This paper motivates and describes treebank annotation for Japanese and English following a scheme adapted from the Annotation manual for the Penn Historical Corpora and the PCEEC (Santorini 2010). The purpose of this annotation is to create a syntactic base from which meaning representations can be built automatically on a corpus linguistics scale (thousands of examples). Advantages of the adopted annotation scheme are highlighted. Most notably, marking clause level functional information is essential for deterministically building meaning representations beyond the predicate-argument structure level. Also an internal syntax where phrasal categories are fundamentally similar is of great assistance. Finally, the paper demonstrates how scope information is simple to add when bracketed syntactic structure is inherently flat.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2012 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, MiMI, Revised Selected Papers
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event4th JSAI International Symposia on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2012 - Miyazaki, Japan
Duration: 2012 Nov 302012 Dec 1

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7856 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other4th JSAI International Symposia on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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