Treatment performance of practical-scale down-flow hanging sponge reactor using sixth-generation hard sponge media

Tsutomu Okubo, Akinori Iguchi, Masanobu Takahashi, Kengo Kubota, Shigeki Uemura, Hideki Harada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A down-flow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor with a lateral partition was filled with sixth-generation sponge media (DHS-G6), polyethylene sponges stiffened with epoxy resin, and third-generation sponge media (DHS-G3), polyethylene sponges wrapped in a plastic net, in a continuous experiment at a sewage treatment plant in India to assess and compare the treatment performances of the two sponge media. No clear differences between the different media were found in the removal of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), ammonium nitrogen, and fecal coliform. The best performance was obtained at a hydraulic retention time of 2 h. The concentrations of respective components in the water treated by the DHS-G3 and DHS-G6 were as follows: BOD, 5 and 7 mg L–1; ammonium nitrogen, 4 and 6 mg N L–1; and fecal coliform, 3.2 × 104100 mL–1and 3.9 × 104100 mL–1. Performance levels fully satisfying the Indian discharge standards were obtained for removal of BOD and ammonium nitrogen, but not fecal coliform.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume91
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct

Keywords

  • Down-flow hanging sponge
  • Nitrification
  • Removal of organics
  • Sewage treatment
  • Sponge media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution

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