Treatment of wastewater containing a large amount of suspended solids by a novel multi-staged UASB reactor

S. Uemura, H. Harada, A. Ohashi, S. Torimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Treatment of artificial wastewater containing a large amount of suspended solids comprised of soybean processing waste and pig fodder was studied using a novel multi-staged upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor. The reactor consisted of three compartments, each containing a gas solid separator. The wastewater had chemical oxygen demand of approximately 21600 mg l-1, suspended solids of 12800 mg l-1, and an ammonia concentration of 945 mg l-1. A continuous experiment without effluent circulation showed that the multi-staged reactor was not that effective for the treatment of wastewater containing a large amount of suspended solids. However, operation of the reactor with circulation of effluent enabled the reactor to achieve organic removal of 85% and approximately 70% methane conversion at loading rates of between 4.0 to 5.4 kg-chemical oxygen demand per cubic meter per day, meaning that the reactor was more effective when effluent was circulated. Morphological investigation revealed that the crude fiber in the sludge was partially degraded and that it had many small depressions on its surface. Evolved biogas may have become caught in these depressions of the fibers and caused washout of the sludge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1355-1362
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Technology
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec

Keywords

  • Crude fiber
  • Effluent circulation
  • Hydrolysis
  • SS
  • UASB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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