Treatment of gingival overgrowth induced by manidipine administration. A case report

Kyoko Ikawa, Motohide Ikawa, Hidetoshi Shimauchi, Masaki Iwakura, Seizaburo Sakamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: It is well known that severe gingival overgrowth (GO) is induced in patients taking certain calcium channel blockers (CCB) for the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, and other diseases. No case has been reported to date of severe GO induced by manidipine hydrochloride (manidipine), a second generation CCB. This case report describes severe GO induced by manidipine in a female patient (43 years old) with hypertension and Sjögren syndrome (SS). The patient was administered manidipine and carteolol hydrochloride (carteolol) as antihypertensive drugs, together with bromhexine hydrochloride for the treatment of SS. Methods: At the initial periodontal examination, probing depth (PD, average 4.83 mm), plaque control record (PCR, 84.3%), bleeding on probing (BOP, 100%), and gingival overgrowth index (GOI, 2.42) were assessed. The patient received periodontal treatment without cessation or replacement of the causative drug. Initial treatment included oral hygiene and scaling and root planing (SRP) under local anesthesia. As corrective therapy, remaining pockets were surgically removed and fixed bridges placed to establish proper occlusion. Results: Obvious reductions in PCR (10.0%), PD (1.93 mm), GOI (0.02), and BOP (4.7%), together with a disappearance of GO, were obtained. Salivary secretion was increased after the periodontal and prosthetic treatments. Histological features were similar to those of nifedipine-induced GO. Conclusions: This case indicated that manidipine may act as a potent inducer of severe GO, and that conventional periodontal treatments without a major change of the causative drugs can yield satisfactory clinical responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-122
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Mar 21

Keywords

  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Dental plaque/prevention and control
  • Gingival hyperplasia/etiology
  • Gingival index
  • Periodontal index
  • Periodontal probes
  • Sjögren's syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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