The purpose of this study was to investigate the treatable subsets in cancer of unknown primary origin (CUP). Fifty patients (27 males and 23 females; median age, 53 years) with CUP diagnosed between April 1992 and June 1999 were analyzed retrospectively. Of the 50 patients, 39 received chemotherapy: platinum-based in 31, non-platinum-based in 4, and clinical trials of new agents in 4. Of the 39 patients, 13 (33.3%; 95% confidence interval: 19:1-50.2%) showed objective responses, with 4 complete responders. Patients with poorly differentiated carcinomas in whom β-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) was elevated more than 10 mIU/ml and female patients with peritoneal adenocarcinomatosis achieved high response rates (83.3% and 80%, respectively) with platinum-based chemotherapy, as compared with only a 15.3% response rate in the remaining patients. Platinum-based chemotherapy provided promising results in patients with poorly differentiated carcinomas and in female patients with peritoneal adenocarcinomatosis. Significantly elevated serum levels of β-HCG in patients with poorly differentiated carcinoma might predict a better response to platinum-based chemotherapy. However, the investigation of novel chemotherapeutic approaches is warranted for other groups of patients with CUP.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Cancer of unknown primary
- Chemosensitive subroups
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research