Traveling disturbance appearing in boundary layer transition in a Yawed cylinder

Yasuaki Kohama, Daiki Motegi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    Boundary layers that develop over a body in fluid flow are in most cases three-dimensional owing to the spin, yaw, or surface curvature of the body. Therefore, the study of three-dimensional (3D) boundary-layer transition is essential to work in practical aerodynamics. The present investigation is concerned with the problem of 3D boundary layers over a yawed body. A yawed cylinder model that represents the leading edge portion of a swept wing and the mechanism of crossflow instability are investigated in detail using hot-wire velocimetry and a flow visualization technique. As a result, traveling disturbances having frequencies f1 and f2, which differ by about one order of magnitude, are detected in the transition region. The phase velocities and directions of travel of those disturbances are measured. Results for the low-frequency disturbance f1 show qualitative coincidence with results numerically predicted for a crossflow unsteady disturbance. Nameley, F1 travels nearly spanwise to the yawed cylinder and very close to the cylinder wall. The results for the high-frequency disturbance f2 good agreement with the existing experimental results. The 2 disturbance is found to be the high-frequency inflectional secondary instability that appears in 3D boundary layer transition in general. A two-stage transition process, where stationary crossflow vortices appear as the primary instability and a traveling inflectional disturbance is generated as a secondary instability, was observed. Secondary instability seems to play a major role in turbulent transition.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)273-278
    Number of pages6
    JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1994 May


    • boundary layer transition
    • flow visualization
    • hot-wire anemometry
    • yawed cylinder

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
    • Aerospace Engineering
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


    Dive into the research topics of 'Traveling disturbance appearing in boundary layer transition in a Yawed cylinder'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this