Trapping of hydrogen isotopes in radiation defects formed in tungsten by neutron and ion irradiations

Y. Hatano, M. Shimada, V. Kh Alimov, J. Shi, M. Hara, T. Nozaki, Y. Oya, M. Kobayashi, K. Okuno, T. Oda, G. Cao, N. Yoshida, N. Futagami, K. Sugiyama, J. Roth, B. Tyburska-Püschel, J. Dorner, I. Takagi, M. Hatakeyama, H. KurishitaM. A. Sokolov

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Abstract

Retention of D in neutron-irradiated W and desorption were examined after plasma exposure at 773 K. Deuterium was accumulated at a relatively high concentration up to a large depth of 50-100 μm due to the trapping effects of defects uniformly induced in the bulk. A significant D release in a vacuum continued to temperatures P1173 K because of the small effective diffusion coefficient and the long diffusion distance. Exposure of ion-irradiated W to D2 gas showed a clear correlation between concentrations of trapped and solute D as determined by the trapping-detrapping equilibrium. These observations indicated that the accumulation of tritium in high concentrations is possible even at high temperatures if the concentration of solute tritium is high, and baking at moderate temperatures is ineffective for removal of tritium deeply penetrating into the bulk. Nevertheless, clear enhancement of D release was observed under the presence of solute H.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S114-S119
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume438
Issue numberSUPPL
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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    Hatano, Y., Shimada, M., Alimov, V. K., Shi, J., Hara, M., Nozaki, T., Oya, Y., Kobayashi, M., Okuno, K., Oda, T., Cao, G., Yoshida, N., Futagami, N., Sugiyama, K., Roth, J., Tyburska-Püschel, B., Dorner, J., Takagi, I., Hatakeyama, M., ... Sokolov, M. A. (2013). Trapping of hydrogen isotopes in radiation defects formed in tungsten by neutron and ion irradiations. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 438(SUPPL), S114-S119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.01.018