Trapping and detrapping of hydrogen in carbon-based materials exposed to hydrogen gas

Hisao Atsumi, Michio Iseki, Tatsuo Shikama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measurements of hydrogen solubility have been performed for several unirradiated and neutron-irradiated graphite (and CFC) samples at temperatures between 700 and 1050°C under a {reversed tilde equals} 10 kPa hydrogen atmosphere. The hydrogen dissolution process has been studied and it is discussed here. The values of hydrogen solubility vary substantially among the samples by up to a factor of about 16. A strong correlation has been observed between the values of hydrogen solubility and the degrees of graphitization determined by the X-ray diffraction technique. The relation can be extended even for the neutron-irradiated samples. Hydrogen dissolution into graphite can be explained by the trapping of hydrogen at defect sites (e.g. dangling carbon bonds) considering an equilibrium reaction between hydrogen molecules and the trapping sites. The migration of hydrogen in graphite is speculated to result from a sequence of detrapping and retrapping events with high-energy activation processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1478-1482
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume212-215
Issue numberPART B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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