Transverse anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) effects, for which magnetization is rotated in an orthogonal plane to the current direction, were investigated at various temperatures, in order to clarify the structural transformation from a cubic to a tetragonal symmetry in a pseudo-single-crystal Fe4N film, which is predicted from the usual in-plane AMR measurements by the theory taking into account the spin-orbit interaction and crystal field splitting of 3d bands. According to a phenomenological theory of AMR, which derives only from the crystal symmetry, a cos 2θ component (C2tr) exists in transverse AMR curves for a tetragonal system but does not for a cubic system. In the Fe4N film, the C2tr shows a positive small value (0.12%) from 300 K to 50 K. However, the C2tr increases to negative value below 50 K and reaches to -2% at 5 K. The drastic increasing of the C2tr demonstrates the structural transformation from a cubic to a tetragonal symmetry below 50 K in the Fe4N film. In addition, the out-of-plane and in-plane lattice constants (c and a) were precisely determined with X-ray diffraction at room temperature using the Nelson-Riely function. As a result, the positive small C2tr above 50 K is attributed to a slightly distorted Fe4N lattice (c/a = 1.002).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)