TRANSURETHRAL MICROWAVE THERMOTHERAPY FOR BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA: CLINICAL RESULTS AFTER A 1‐YEAR FOLLOW‐UP

Akito Terai, Yoichi Arai, Hiroyuki Onishi, Kenji Oishi, Hideo Takeuchi, Osamu Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since September 1992, 63 patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) have been treated with transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) using the Prostatron device. The International Prostate Symptom Score (l‐PSS) and quality of life (QOL) score were used to evaluate subjective symptoms. The mean l‐PSS (total, irritative and obstructive scores) and QOL scores had decreased by 40, 38, 45 and 40%, respectively, at 12 months (p < 0.0001). While the mean peak flow rate had increased by 72% (p < 0.001). The clinical efficacy at 12 months was 42%, using a modification of the response criteria proposed at the 2nd International Consultation on Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. There were no significant differences in the baseline and treatment parameters between those who responded favorably to TUMT and those who did not. The total thermal dose delivered to the prostate did not predict clinical response. However, there was a positive correlation between l‐PSS or QOL at baseline and % reduction at 3, 6 and 12 months, and a negative correlation between peak flow rate at baseline and % increase at 3 and 6 months. There were no major complications associated with TUMT during the follow‐up period. In summary, our 1‐year clinical results are compatible with previous reports, suggesting that TUMT is a safe, effective and lasting non‐surgical treatment for BPH. However, evaluation of efficacy should be based on uniform criteria to facilitate comparisons of different clinical trials. The most suitable patient profiles for TUMT could not be identified by retrospective analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-28
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Mar

Keywords

  • benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • transurethral microwave thermotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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