This study sought to clarify the contributions of organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B1 and 1B3 to the liver uptake of chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA). We synthesized a fluorescent version of CDCA, chenodeoxychilyl-(Nε-NBD)-lysine (CDCA-NBD), to characterize transporter-mediated uptake. CDCA-NBD is efficiently transported by OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 with high affinities. The Michaelis-Menten constants for CDCA-NBD uptake by OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 were 1.45 ± 0.39 μM and 0.54 ± 0.09 μM, respectively. By confocal laser scanning microscopy, CDCA-NBD, which is taken up by OATP1B1 and OATP1B3, was observed to localize to the cytosol. We also examined the transport of newly synthesized fluorescent bile acids. NBD-labeled bile acids, including cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, lithocholic acid, and ursodeoxycholic acid, were all transported by OATP1B1 and OATP1B3. CDCA-NBD exhibited the highest rate of transport of the five NBD-labeled bile acids examined in OATP1B1- and OATP1B3-expressing cells. Our results suggest that OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 play important roles in CDCA uptake into the liver. Fluorescent bile acids are useful tools to characterize the uptake properties of membrane transporters.
- Organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1
- Organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B3
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology