Transport characteristics of grepafloxacin and levofloxacin in the human intestinal cell line Caco-2

Hiroaki Yamaguchi, Ikuko Yano, Hideyuki Saito, Ken ichi Inui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transport characteristics of grepafloxacin and levofloxacin across the apical membrane of Caco-2 cells were examined. Both grepafloxacin and levofloxacin uptakes increased rapidly, and were temperature-dependent. Grepafloxacin and levofloxacin uptakes showed concentration-dependent saturation with Michaelis constants of 3.9 and 9.3 mM, respectively. Uptake of grepafloxacin and levofloxacin increased in Cl--free and ATP depleted conditions, suggesting the involvement of an efflux transport system different from the uptake mechanism. However, cyclosporin A, a typical inhibitor of P-glycoprotein, did not affect the uptake of these drugs. Unlabeled grepafloxacin, unlabeled levofloxacin and quinidine inhibited the uptake of grepafloxacin and levofloxacin under Cl--free conditions. Tetraethylammonium, cimetidine, p-aminohippurate, probenecid, amino acids, β-lactam antibiotic or monocarboxylates did not inhibit the uptake of grepafloxacin and levofloxacin under the same conditions. In conclusion, our results suggested that grepafloxacin and levofloxacin uptakes were mediated by a specific transport system distinct from those for organic cations and anions, amino acids, dipeptides and monocarboxylates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-303
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume431
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Nov 23

Keywords

  • Caco-2 cell
  • Grepafloxacin
  • Intestinal transport
  • Levofloxacin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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