Transpiration of water molecules through molecule-based porous crystals with one-dimensional nanochannels

Makoto Tadokoro, Takahiro Suda, Taishi Shouji, Kazuhiro Ohno, Kohei Honda, Asuka Takeuchi, Makoto Yoshizawa, Kyosuke Isoda, Hajime Kamebuchi, Hiroshi Matsui

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Abstract

Synthetic molecular crystals with one-dimensional nanoporous channels containing H2 O molecules act as model systems for pores such as aquaporin-1 in cell membranes. The structural characteristics of water molecular clusters (WMCs) were investigated using X-ray crystal analysis of {[NiII -(cyclam)]3 (TMA)2 ¢35?34 H2 O}n (2) (TMA: trimesate, cyclam: 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane) in a closed glass capillary to adjust the saturated humidity. The structural phase transition of WMCs with temperature depends only on the H2 O structures around the centre, not on those in the primary hydrate layer nearest to the outer wall. The centre of a WMC was filled with H2 O molecules under saturated humidity conditions; however, in air, the WMC had a nanotube-like structure with a vacant space. Thus, the centre portion of a WMC probably contains volatile and mobile H2 O molecules. Therefore, we investigated the rapid proton conductivity using alternating current impedance and microwave spectroscopy and also carried out a transpiration experiment for transferring the mobile H2 O molecules. The microwave spectroscopy results for 2 indicated no isotope effect, which would be observed by the rapid motion of H2 O molecules without the breaking of hydrogen bonds between two site-disordering positions above the phase transition temperature. The results indicated reasonable water transpiration ability of the single crystal through its nanochannels; this property can be useful as a working principle to understand applications such as the desalination of seawater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1707-1715
Number of pages9
JournalBulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Volume88
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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    Tadokoro, M., Suda, T., Shouji, T., Ohno, K., Honda, K., Takeuchi, A., Yoshizawa, M., Isoda, K., Kamebuchi, H., & Matsui, H. (2015). Transpiration of water molecules through molecule-based porous crystals with one-dimensional nanochannels. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 88(12), 1707-1715. https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.20150285