Transparent, resilient human amniotic membrane laminates for corneal transplantation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluated a new technique to toughen and optically clarify human amniotic membrane (AM) tissue, which is naturally thin and clouded, and determined the suitability of the altered tissue for corneal transplantation. The technique created a tissue laminate by repeatedly depositing wet layers of AM and dehydrating them, followed by chemical cross-linking to tighten integration at the layer interfaces and within the layers, thereby improving the physical properties of the laminates by increasing light transmittance and mechanical strength. Interestingly, this improvement only occurred in laminates with at least 4 layers. Cross-linking also improved the resistance of the laminates to collagenase degradation, such as occurs in corneal melting. This study also confirmed that the AM tissue was biocompatible by inserting AM monolayers into the corneal stroma of rabbits, and by performing lamellar keratoplasty in rabbits with cross-linked AM laminates. The laminates were sufficiently thick and resilient to need only one set of sutures, whereas in previously described multi-layer AM transplantation technique, each layer required separate sutures. The current findings are a promising advance in the engineering of novel biomaterials and the alteration of existing tissues for medical use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-85
Number of pages10
JournalBiomaterials
Volume101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Biomimetic material
  • Cornea
  • Fibrous tissue
  • Soft tissue biomechanics
  • Suture
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Transparent, resilient human amniotic membrane laminates for corneal transplantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this