We show that the transit-time effects in the high-electric-field region near the drain edge of the channel of a field effect transistor can increase the increment of plasma wave growth in the device channel. These electron transit-time effects might lead to the plasma wave instability in high-electron-mobility transistors (HEMTs) in the terahertz range of frequencies. We demonstrate that the self-excitation of plasma oscillations is possible when the ratio of the electron velocity in the high field region, u d, and the gate length, L g, is sufficiently large in comparison with the electron collision frequency in the gated channel, v, i.e u d/L g > v/k, where k is a constant. Hence, in contrast with the Dyakonov-Shur mechanism of plasma instability in HEMTs, the plasma instability associated with the mechanism under consideration can occur at fairly low values of the electron mobility in the gated portion of the HEMT channel.
|Journal||Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Aug 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials