Transient outward currents and changes of their gating properties after cell activation in thrombocytes of the newt.

K. Kawa

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. The electrical properties of the cell membrane of thrombocytes in the newt, Triturus pyrrhogaster, were studied using the whole‐cell variation of the patch‐electrode voltage‐clamp technique. 2. In medium containing Ca2+ (1.8 mM), activated thrombocytes became round and then spread on the glass. Activation of thrombocytes was inhibited by the removal of external Ca2+ and addition of 1 w/v% albumin to the external media. 3. For thrombocytes kept in the resting state, depolarizations more positive than ‐30 mV evoked transient outward currents which decayed completely during the duration of the depolarization (150 ms). The half‐decay time of the currents became smaller as the depolarizing pulse strengthened, reaching about 20 ms at +30 mV (20 degrees C). 4. The outward currents are identified as K+ currents, since (1) their reversal potential depended on extracellular K+ concentration and (2) the outward currents were suppressed either by external application of 4‐aminopyridine (1 mM) or by internal application of Cs+ (120 mM). The monovalent cation selectivities of the K+ channels were evaluated from the reversal potential as Tl (1.68) greater than K(1.0) greater than Rb (0.89) greater than NH4 (0.13) greater than Na(less than 0.03). 5. When the thrombocytes had been activated, depolarization again evoked K+ currents. The currents, however, showed negligible or small decay during the duration of the depolarization (150 ms). The rate of recovery from preceding depolarization was also reduced to about one‐sixth. 6. The sensitivity to 4‐aminopyridine and the selectivity of the K+ channels were not changed by cell activation. 7. We conclude that during activation of thrombocytes the inactivation of the K+ channels is almost eliminated. Removal of inactivation of the K+ channels was also induced in resting thrombocytes by intracellular application of 4‐bromoacetamide (50 microM).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-205
Number of pages17
JournalThe Journal of Physiology
Volume385
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987 Apr 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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