Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions in patients with middle ear disorders

Fei Zhao, Hiroshi Wada, Takuji Koike, Kenji Ohyama, Tetsuaki Kawase, Dafydd Stephens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the middle ear dynamic characteristics and their influence on TEOAEs in patients with middle ear disorders. The middle ear dynamic characteristics and TEOAE findings were investigated in 89 patients with middle ear disorders using the sweep frequency impedance (SFI) meter and the ILO88 system, respectively. These patients were divided into six subcategories: tympanic membrane aberrations, otitis media with effusion, chronic otitis media, tympanic membrane perforation, otosclerosis, and ossicular chain dislocation. Details of the TEOAE frequency characteristics were compared with the individual's middle ear dynamic characteristics. TEOAE status as a function of hearing threshold and middle ear dynamic characteristics was also examined. The results showed that the middle ear dynamic characteristics in patients with middle ear disorders correlated with the TEOAE frequency characteristics and amplitudes. The hearing level and middle ear mobility were the controlling factors affecting TEOAE status. Using both non-linear and linear stimulus modes, larger TEOAE responses were obtained when the hearing level was better than 20 dB HL, and there was moderately good middle ear mobility. Moreover, TEOAEs were absent using the non-linear mode when the hearing level was worse than 30 dB HL, whereas with the linear mode, TEOAEs were recordable even with hearing losses of up to 40 dB HL in patients with middle ear disorders. A higher incidence of recordable TEOAEs was found in the subgroups with tympanic membrane abnormalities and secretory otitis media when compared with the other subgroups. No TEOAEs were recordable in patients with chronic otitis media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-131
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Apr

Keywords

  • Middle ear disorders
  • Middle ear dynamic characteristics
  • Sweep frequency impedance (SFI) meter
  • Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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