Transient and steady state crack growth kinetics for stress corrosion cracking of a cold worked 316L stainless steel in oxygenated pure water at different temperatures

Zhanpeng Lu, Tetsuo Shoji, Yoichi Takeda, Yuzuru Ito, Akira Kai, Seiya Yamazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The stress corrosion cracking (SCC) growth kinetics for a cold worked 316L stainless steel was continuously monitored in high purity water at different temperatures and dissolved oxygen (DO) levels under a K (or Kmax) of 30 MPa m0.5. The total SCC test time was more than 8000 h to make sure the steady state crack growth rate under each test condition could be reached. Crack growth rate (CGR) increases with increasing temperature in the range 110-288 °C. A typical intergranular-cracking mode is identified. Depending on the previous test condition, especially the temperature, three kinds of crack growth kinetics, i.e., increasing with testing time then becoming steady, being constant during the whole period, or decreasing with test time then becoming steady, are identified and discussed. Time-dependent and testing history-dependent crack growth modes were confirmed in two series of tests in 2 ppm DO and 7.5 ppm DO pure water. The apparent activation energies are calculated and compared with other data in different environments under different applied loading levels for understanding the cracking mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-575
Number of pages15
JournalCorrosion Science
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb

Keywords

  • A. Cold work
  • A. Low carbon stainless steel
  • B. Boiling water reactor
  • B. Contoured double cantilever beam specimen
  • B. High temperature pure water
  • C. Crack growth rate
  • C. Stress corrosion cracking
  • C. Thermal activation energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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