Transdisciplinary co-design of scientific research agendas: 40 research questions for socially relevant climate engineering research

Masahiro Sugiyama, Shinichiro Asayama, Takanobu Kosugi, Atsushi Ishii, Seita Emori, Jiro Adachi, Keigo Akimoto, Masatomo Fujiwara, Tomoko Hasegawa, Yasushi Hibi, Kimiko Hirata, Toru Ishii, Takeshi Kaburagi, Yuki Kita, Shigeki Kobayashi, Atsushi Kurosawa, Manabu Kuwata, Kooiti Masuda, Makoto Mitsui, Taku MiyataHiroshi Mizutani, Sumie Nakayama, Kazuyo Oyamada, Takaaki Sashida, Miho Sekiguchi, Kiyoshi Takahashi, Yukari Takamura, Junichi Taki, Taketoshi Taniguchi, Hiroyuki Tezuka, Takahiro Ueno, Shingo Watanabe, Rie Watanabe, Naoyuki Yamagishi, Go Yoshizawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Interest in climate engineering research has grown rapidly owing to the slow progress of international climate negotiations. As some scientists are proposing to expand research and conduct field tests, there is an emerging debate about whether and how it should proceed. It is widely accepted both by the supporters and critics that public engagement from the early stage of research is necessary. Nonetheless, most, if not all, of existing research projects of climate engineering were designed predominantly by experts. To produce socially relevant knowledge, and hence, pursue transdisciplinary research that integrates interdisciplinary research and public engagement, it is desirable for scientists to decide together with the public on what kind of research should be done. In this paper, we both as Japanese scientists and stakeholders collaboratively identify 40 socially relevant research questions on climate engineering with a particular emphasis on stratospheric aerosol injection, using a method designed to encourage science–policy collaboration. While we acknowledge some methodological problems and the difficulty in obtaining active participation from stakeholders, the list of identified questions covers broad interdisciplinary perspectives and diverse interests, and may provide an important foundation for future transdisciplinary research on climate engineering. Given the dynamic nature of climate change and policy responses, research agendas should be periodically and iteratively reviewed and updated through transdisciplinary processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-44
Number of pages14
JournalSustainability Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1


  • Climate engineering
  • Co-design of research agenda
  • Public engagement
  • Stratospheric aerosol injection
  • Transdisciplinary research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Health(social science)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Ecology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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