Transcriptome analysis of K-877 (A novel selective PPARα modulator (SPPARMα))-regulated genes in primary human hepatocytes and the mouse liver

Sana Raza-Iqbal, Toshiya Tanaka, Motonobu Anai, Takeshi Inagaki, Yoshihiro Matsumura, Kaori Ikeda, Akashi Taguchi, Frank J. Gonzalez, Juro Sakai, Tatsuhiko Kodama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Selective PPARα modulators (SPPARMα) are under development for use as next-generation lipid lowering drugs. In the current study, to predict the pharmacological and toxicological effects of a novel SPPARMα K-877, comprehensive transcriptome analyses of K-877-treated primary human hepatocytes and mouse liver tissue were carried out. Methods: Total RNA was extracted from the K-877 treated primary human hepatocytes and mouse liver and adopted to the transcriptome analysis. Using a cluster analysis, commonly and species specifically regulated genes were identified. Also, the profile of genes regulated by K-877 and fenofibrate were compared to examine the influence of different SPPARMα on the liver gene expression. Results: Consequently, a cell-based transactivation assay showed that K-877 activates PPARα with much greater potency and selectivity than fenofibric acid, the active metabolite of clinically used fenofibrate. K-877 upregulates the expression of several fatty acid β-oxidative genes in human hepatocytes and the mouse liver. Almost all genes up- or downregulated by K-877 treatment in the mouse liver were also regulated by fenofibrate treatment. In contrast, the K-877-regulated genes in the mouse liver were not affected by K-877 treatment in the Ppara-null mouse liver. Depending on the species, the peroxisomal biogenesis-related gene expression was robustly induced in the K-877- treated mouse liver, but not human hepatocytes, thus suggesting that the clinical dose of K-877 may not induce peroxisome proliferation or liver toxicity in humans. Notably, K-877 significantly induces the expression of clinically beneficial target genes (VLDLR, FGF21, ABCA1, MBL2, ENPEP) in human hepatocytes. Conclusion: These results indicate that changes in the gene expression induced by K-877 treatment are mainly mediated through PPARα activation. K-877 regulates the hepatic gene expression as a SPPARMα and thus may improve dyslipidemia as well as metabolic disorders, such as metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, without untoward side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)754-772
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 26
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • SPPARMα
  • Species difference
  • Transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, medical

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