We have investigated the transcriptional regulation of 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC)-inducible P-450c gene which is involved in the metabolic activation of polycyclic aromatic carcinogens. Reverse genetic study using the fusion gene composed of the 5' upstream sequence of P-450c gene and the structure gene for bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) and a cultured cell line of Hepa-1 cells localized two kinds of cis-acting regulatory DNA elements. One is designated XRE or xenobiotic responsive element which is responsible for the inducibility of the gene and is distributed 5 times in the region from -3.0 to -0.5 kb. The other is BTE or basal transcription element whose deletion reduces a low level of the constitutive CAT expression to a background level, and which is localized immediately upstream of the TATA sequence. Both kinds of regulatory elements are necessary for a high level of inducible expression. Gel mobility shift assay strongly suggests that the binding protein to the XRE is an Ah receptor with a specific affinity for 3MC or 2,3,7,8,tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Without inducer treatment, cryptic form of the binding protein occurs only in the cytoplasm of the Hepa-1 cells. Upon treatment with the inducer, the cryptic form of the binding protein exhibits binding activity to XRE and, at the same time, translocates to the nuclei. The BTE-binding protein is an ubiquitous nuclear factor and its cDNA cloning reveals the DNA-binding feature with zinc finger motifs.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Princess Takamatsu symposia|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|