Trajectories of Distress Following the Great East Japan Earthquake: A Multiwave Prospective Study

Robin Goodwin, Kemmyo Sugiyama, Shaojing Sun, Masahito Takahashi, Jun Aida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear leak were complex traumas. We examined psychological distress in the years following the earthquake using growth mixture modeling to classify responses from 2,599 linked respondents (2012–2016). We identified four classes of trajectories following the disaster: resilient (76% of respondents), delayed distress (8%), recovery (8%), and chronic distress (7%). Compared with the resilient class, other class members were less likely to be female and had less social support. Survivors in the recovery group were more likely to live in prefabricated housing. Although distress has decreased over time, specific populations continue to require targeted intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1062-1068
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Psychological Science
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov

Keywords

  • Japan
  • distress trajectories
  • natural disasters
  • psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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