Tracing geologically constrained fluid flow pathways using a combination of heat flow measurements, pore water chemistry, and acoustic imaging near the deformation front of the Nankai Trough off the Muroto Peninsula, Japan

Yoshifumi Kawada, Tomohiro Toki, Masataka Kinoshita, Masato Joshima, Ryosaku Higa, Takafumi Kasaya, Urumu Tsunogai, Kiyokazu Nishimura, Kiyoyuki Kisimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Visual and acoustic surveys, heat flow measurements, and the analysis of pore water chemistry near the deformation front of the Nankai Trough accretionary prism off the Muroto Peninsula, Japan, show that fluid discharge is constrained by geological structures such as landslides. High heat-flow anomalies (up to 260mWm-2) exist near the base of a ca. 1.5km ridge-trough structure, where the exit point of the secondary frontal thrust is thought to occur, but no other anomalies were detected. In contrast, on a 50-m-wide flat area on the steep slope inside the slope-scale landslide structure, where geological strata are exposed, high heat-flow anomalies of around 190mWm-2 exist, accompanied by biological activity and methane-rich pore water. A sub-bottom profiler recorded strata cutting through the seafloor, which also supports the existence of a landslide. Based on these results, we propose a qualitative picture of fluid flow that may explain the observed heat-flow anomalies. Upward fluid flow through the frontal thrust, fluid flow cutting through geological strata, is inhibited near the foot of the slope, while fluid discharge occurs where the landslide exposes new surfaces as a result of geologically constrained fluid flow along strata.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-137
Number of pages17
JournalTectonophysics
Volume618
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 31
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calyptogena
  • Heat flow
  • Landslide
  • Nankai Trough
  • Pore water chemistry
  • Sub-bottom profiler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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