Trace element partitioning between high-An plagioclase and basaltic to basaltic andesite melt at 1 atmosphere pressure

Frank J. Tepley, Craig C. Lundstrom, William F. McDonough, Amy Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We determined plagioclase-melt partition coefficients for 18 elements by performing controlled cooling rate, 1-atmosphere experiments using both natural and synthetic basaltic (51wt.% SiO2) and basaltic andesite (56wt.% SiO2) powders in a vertical quench furnace. The experiments produced An69 to An87 composition plagioclase. Three starting powders were Gorda Ridge basalt, synthetic diopside (40%)-albite (28%)-anorthite (32%) mixture, and Arenal volcano (Costa Rica) basaltic andesite. The Gorda and synthetic powders were doped at both low concentrations (20-200ppm) and high concentration (200-5000ppm), whereas the Arenal powder was doped only at high concentrations resulting in two doped Gorda powders (low: NP, and high: SDP), two doped diopside/albite/anorthite powders (low: DAD, high: SDD) and one doped Arenal powder (high: AR99-2). Trace elements concentrations in both glass and plagioclase were measured by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and/or by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). Results for the partitioning of trace elements between plagioclase and melt at different doping levels demonstrate both adherence to Henry's Law and good agreement between the different analytical techniques. In general, plagioclase-melt partition coefficients determined in the An69-73 range are similar to other published values, however, some of those occurring for plagioclase compositions >An75 are distinctly lower than those predicted by current regression formulations. We applied a two-lattice melt model to these data to account for differences in melt composition and temperature and found that there were no aberrations associated with partition coefficients. A new set of regression formulations is determined involving the newly determined dataset for plagioclase with An contents between 75 and 87.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-94
Number of pages13
JournalLithos
Volume118
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Basaltic melt
  • Differentiation processes
  • Partitioning
  • Plagioclase
  • Trace elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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