Towards mapping the three-dimensional distribution of water in the transition zone from P-velocity tomography and 660-km discontinuity depths

Daisuke Suetsugu, Toru Inoue, Akira Yamada, Dapeng Zhao, Masayuki Obayashi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We estimate temperature anomalies and water content in the mantle transition zone from the depth of the "660-km discontinuity" and tomographically determined P-velocity anomalies. We assume a linear dependence of the discontinuity depths and P-velocity on temperature anomaly and water content. Beneath the Philippine Sea, where the Pacific plate is subducted, temperature anomalies are as low as -500K to -700 K within and near the stagnant Pacific slab and the water content is estimated to be in the range of 1-1.4 wt.%H2O. The west Philippine basin, away from the Pacific slab, does not have a significant temperature anomaly or water content. Beneath western Japan, where the Pacific slab is subducted, we obtain temperature anomalies up to -300 to -600 K and water content up to 1-1.5 wt.%H2O. Many problems remain to be solved for obtaining a definitive conclusion on the presence of water and quantitative estimates of temperature and water content. Estimates of the temperature anomaly and water content are highly sensitive to the input seismic parameters (the discontinuity depths and P-velocities) and the assumed dependence of the seismic parameters on temperature and water content determined from experimental studies. More accurate estimates of the seismic parameters and the experimental data measured under the pressure and temperature conditions of the mantle transition zone are necessary. Anelastic attenuation is probably enhanced by water, which might break down the linear dependence of the discontinuity depths and P-velocity on temperature anomaly and water content. A non-linear optimization approach using better seismic and experimental data may be required for obtaining more conclusive evidence for the presence of water.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEarth?s Deep Water Cycle, 2006
EditorsSuzan Van Der Lee, Steven D. Jacobsen
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
Pages237-249
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781118666487
ISBN (Print)9780875904337
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Publication series

NameGeophysical Monograph Series
Volume168
ISSN (Print)0065-8448
ISSN (Electronic)2328-8779

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics

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