Polycavernosides A and B are glycosidic macrolide natural products isolated as the toxins causing fatal human poisoning by the edible red alga Gracilaria edulis (Polycavernosa tsudai). Total synthesis of polycavernosides A and B has been achieved via a convergent approach. The synthesis of the macrolactone core structure is highlighted by the catalytic asymmetric syntheses of the two key fragments using hetero-Diels-Alder reaction and Kiyooka aldol reaction as the key steps, their union through Suzuki-Miyaura coupling, and Keck macrolactonization. Finally, glycosylation with the l-fucosyl-d-xylose unit and construction of the polyene side chain through Stille coupling completed the total synthesis of polycavernosides A and B.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry