Torsion-bar antenna for low-frequency gravitational-wave observations

Masaki Ando, Koji Ishidoshiro, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Kent Yagi, Wataru Kokuyama, Kimio Tsubono, Akiteru Takamori

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46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a novel type of gravitational-wave antenna, formed by two bar-shaped test masses and laser-interferometric sensors to monitor their differential angular fluctuations. This antenna has a fundamental sensitivity to low-frequency signals below 1 Hz, even with a ground-based configuration. In addition, it is possible to expand the observation band to a lower limit determined by the observation time, by using modulation and up-conversion of gravitational-wave signals by rotation of the antenna. The potential sensitivity of this antenna is superior to those of current detectors in a 1 mHz-10 Hz frequency band and is sufficient for observations of gravitational waves radiated from in-spiral and merger events of intermediate-mass black holes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number161101
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume105
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Ando, M., Ishidoshiro, K., Yamamoto, K., Yagi, K., Kokuyama, W., Tsubono, K., & Takamori, A. (2010). Torsion-bar antenna for low-frequency gravitational-wave observations. Physical review letters, 105(16), [161101]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.161101