Topological analysis for arteriovenous malformations via computed tomography angiography: Part 2: Practical application

Yuki Hata, Keigo Osuga, Shuichiro Uehara, Kenji Yano, Mamoru Kikuchi, Koichi Tomita, Ken Matsuda, Tateki Kubo, Takashi Fujiwara, Ko Hosokawa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    BACKGROUND: In a previous study, the authors outlined a technique for calculating the number of abnormal vascular loop structures described in 3-dimensional computed tomography angiography. To be developed into a quantitative evaluation method for soft-tissue arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), the concept needs assessment of validity. METHODS: Computed tomography angiography results of 19 soft-tissue AVMs and 18 control abdominal vessels are utilized. Enhanced vascular lumen regions over 120 HU were extracted by a region growing method and skeletonized into wire frame graph models. The number of vascular loop structures in graphs is calculated as 1 - [Number of nodes] + [Number of edges], and results are compared between AVM/control groups, pre-/postprogression, and pre-/posttreatment. RESULTS: Average vascular lumen capacity of AVMs was 57.5 ml/lesion, and average number of vascular loops was 548 loops/lesion. Loop density of AVMs (weighted average, 9.5 loops/ml) exhibited statistically significant (P < 0.001) greater value than normal abdominal blood vessels (weighted average, 1.3 loops/ml). In all 4 cases without treatment, number of loops and loop density both increased. Particularly, number of loops increased greatly by 2 times or more in 3 cases. In all 7 cases with treatment, number of loops and vascular lumen capacity significantly (P = 0.0156) decreased. Particularly, number of loops showed clearer decrease in cases with entire lesion treatment than partial treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Total number of described vascular loop structures and their density or volume well reflected the existence, progression, and remission of soft-tissue AVMs. Topological analysis can be expected to be developed into a quantitative evaluation for AVMs.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2014 Sep 4

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery


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