Human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) is linked to adult T cell leukemia as well as to HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. In this report, we studied the effects of HTLV-I-infected cell supernatants on HUVEC, fibroblasts, and glioma cells. The HTLV-I-infected cell supernatants (HUT102 and MT-2) strongly inhibited the proliferation of HUVEC, although they enhanced the proliferation of the fibroblasts. Regarding the glioma cells, only the MT-2 supernatant showed weak inhibitory effects on the proliferation. However, the HTLV-I-uninfected cell supernatants showed no effects on these target cells. The biologic activities of both HUT102 and MT- 2 supernatants were found to be dose dependent and were reduced by heat treatment at 100°C for 5 min, but not at 56°C for 30 min. These activities were not dependent on the concentrations of HTLV-I viral particles and were only minimally affected by the presence of anti-HTLV-I Abs. A bioassay of various cytokines revealed that the activity of TNF was much higher in the HUT102 and MT-2 supernatants than in the HTLV-I-uninfected cell supernatants (MOLT-4, Jurkat, and K-562). rTNF-α and rTNF-β also showed strong inhibitory effects on HUVEC as well as on the enhancement of the fibroblast growth. With the use of Sephadex G-100 column chromatography, we obtained the highest activities from the 60- through 70-kDa fractions of the HUT102 supernatant and some activities from the 20- through 30-kDa fractions. The biologic activities of both the whole HUT102 supernatant and its active fractions were completely blocked by anti-TNF-β mAb, although they were not blocked by anti-TNF-α mAb. In a Western blot assay, the 25- and 27-kDa bands of TNF-β were shown clearly in the HUT102 supernatant, although no TNF-α bands appeared. These findings suggest that TNF-β is present in either its oligomeric or monomeric form in the HTLV-I-infected cell supernatants and is also mainly responsible for the supernatants' effects on HUVECs and fibroblasts.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy