We designed a simple and sensitive method to assay the activity of the factor VIIa-tissue factor complex, using as a substrate N(α)- benzyloxycarbonyl-L-arginine p-nitrobenzyl ester (Z-Arg-ONb) (Zur, M., and Nemerson, Y. (1978) J. Biol. Chem. 253, 2203-2209). The principle was to measure the amount of p-nitrobenzyl alcohol released during ester hydrolysis using reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Z-Arg-ONb had a broad specificity for plasma serine proteases and factor IXa. Using this method, we examined the effect of tissue factor on the esterase activity of factor VIIa under various conditions. We found that tissue factor greatly potentiates the factor VIIa-catalyzed hydrolysis of Z-Arg-ONb. Phospholipids were not required for the factor VIIa-catalyzed hydrolysis of Z-Arg-ONb, even in the presence of tissue factor. The K(m) value of factor VIIa alone toward the ester substrate was six times higher than that of a VIIa-tissue factor complex (3.2 versus 0.54 mM), whereas the k(cat) value was 12 times lower than that of the VIIa-tissue factor complex (14.3 versus 173 s-1). Thus, tissue factor apparently affects the catalytic site of factor VIIa and enhances hydrolysis of the ester substrate. This enhancing effect of tissue factor disappeared on removal of the γ-carboxyglutamic acid domain from factor VIIa, whereas the esterase activity in the absence of tissue factor was not affected by this modification. The γ-carboxyglutamic acid domain is probably required as a potent determinant for interactions with tissue factor, even in the absence of phospholipids in the reaction mixture.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology