Tiny adiabatic-demagnetization refrigerator for a commercial superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer

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Abstract

A tiny adiabatic-demagnetization refrigerator (T-ADR) has been developed for a commercial superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer [Magnetic Property Measurement System (MPMS) from Quantum Design]. The whole T-ADR system is fit in a cylindrical space of diameter 8.5 mm and length 250 mm, and can be inserted into the narrow sample tube of MPMS. A sorption pump is self-contained in T-ADR, and hence no complex gas handling system is necessary. With the single crystalline Gd3Ga5O12 garnet (∼2 g) used as a magnetic refrigerant, the routinely achievable lowest temperature is ∼0.56 K. The lower detection limit for a magnetization anomaly is ∼1 × 10-7 emu, estimated from fluctuation of the measured magnetization. The background level is ∼5 × 10-5 emu below 2 K at H = 100 Oe, which is largely attributable to a contaminating paramagnetic signal from the magnetic refrigerant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123905
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume87
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

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