Time-Reversal Measurement of the p -Wave Cross Sections of the Be 7 (n,α) He 4 Reaction for the Cosmological Li Problem

T. Kawabata, Y. Fujikawa, T. Furuno, T. Goto, T. Hashimoto, M. Ichikawa, M. Itoh, N. Iwasa, Y. Kanada-En'Yo, A. Koshikawa, S. Kubono, E. Miyawaki, M. Mizuno, K. Mizutani, T. Morimoto, M. Murata, T. Nanamura, S. Nishimura, S. Okamoto, Y. SakaguchiI. Sakata, A. Sakaue, R. Sawada, Y. Shikata, Y. Takahashi, D. Takechi, T. Takeda, C. Takimoto, M. Tsumura, K. Watanabe, S. Yoshida

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cross sections of the Be7(n,α)He4 reaction for p-wave neutrons were experimentally determined at Ec.m.=0.20-0.81 MeV slightly above the big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) energy window for the first time on the basis of the detailed balance principle by measuring the time-reverse reaction. The obtained cross sections are much larger than the cross sections for s-wave neutrons inferred from the recent measurement at the n-TOF facility in CERN, but significantly smaller than the theoretical estimation widely used in the BBN calculations. The present results suggest the Be7(n,α)He4 reaction rate is not large enough to solve the cosmological lithium problem, and this conclusion agrees with the recent result from the direct measurement of the s-wave cross sections using a low-energy neutron beam and the evaluated nuclear data library ENDF/B-VII.1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052701
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume118
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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