Time-resolved UV resonance Raman investigation of protein folding using a rapid mixer: Characterization of kinetic folding intermediates of apomyoglobin

Nami Haruta, Teizo Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 244-nm excited transient UV resonance Raman spectra are observed for the refolding intermediates of horse apomyoglobin (h-apoMb) with a newly constructed mixed flow cell system, and the results are interpreted on the basis of the spectra observed for the equilibrium acid unfolding of the same protein. The dead time of mixing, which was determined with the appearance of UV Raman bands of imidazolium upon mixing of imidazole with acid, was 150 μs under the flow rate that was adopted. The pH-jump experiments of h-apoMb from pH 2.2 to 5.6 conducted with this device demonstrated the presence of three folding intermediates. On the basis of the analysis of W3 and W7 bands of Trp7 and Trp14, the first intermediate, formed before 250 μs, involved incorporation of Trp14 into the α-helix from a random coil. The frequency shift of the W3 band of Trp14 observed for this process was reproduced with a model peptide of the A helix when it forms the α-helix. In the second intermediate, formed around 1 ms after the start of refolding, the surroundings of both Trp7 and Trp14 were significantly hydrophobic, suggesting the formation of the hydrophobic core. In the third intermediate appearing around 3 ms, the hydrophobicity was relaxed to the same level as that of the pH 4 equilibrium intermediate, which was investigated in detail with the stationary state technique. The change from the third intermediate to the native state needs more time than 40 ms, while the appearance of the native spectrum after the mixing of the same solutions was confirmed separately.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6595-6604
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume41
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 May 28
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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