Time course and factors predicting arterial stiffness reversal in patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma after adrenalectomy: Prospective study of 102 patients

Che Wei Liao, Lian Yu Lin, Chi Sheng Hung, Yen Tin Lin, Yi Yao Chang, Shuo Meng Wang, Vin Cent Wu, Kwan Dun Wu, Yi Lwun Ho, Fumitoshi Satoh, Yen Hung Lin

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Abstract

Primary aldosteronism not only results in hypertension but also stiffer arteries. The time course and factors predicting the reversal of arterial stiffness after treatment are unclear. We prospectively enrolled 102 patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) from March 2006 to January 2012. We measured the pulse wave velocity (PWV) between brachial-ankle (baPWV) and heart-ankle (haPWV) before, 6 and 12 months after their adrenalectomy. After treatment, the PWV decreased significantly during the first 6 months (both p < 0.001), but no further reduction in the following 6 months. The determinant factors for baseline baPWV were age, duration of hypertension, and baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) in multivariate linear regression analysis, similar with baseline haPWV (determinants: age, duration of hypertension, baseline SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP)). In multivariate linear regression analysis, the decrease in DBP at 6 months (δ "DBP 0-6mo) and baseline baPWV were significantly associated with the decrease in baPWV at 6 months (δ "baPWV 0-6mo). The associated factors of the change in haPWV at 6 months (δ "haPWV 0-6mo) were baseline haPWV, δ "DBP 0-6mo and change in log-transformed plasma renin activity. Our result suggested that reversal of arterial stiffness in APA patients occurred early after adrenalectomy and determined by baseline vascular condition, hemodynamic factors, and humoral factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20862
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 17

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